Minie Ball

Surgical Set collection from to – Civilian and Military. Doug Arbittier. If one looks at the progression of instrument design through the ‘s down to , the major changes are in how the two halves of a forceps or scissor are joined as well as the position and shapes of the finger and thumb holes. Prior to instruments were typically joined with a screw, which precluded cleaning and sterilization we would expect today. At that time they didn’t sterilize, so a screw attachment made the most sense. Since my focus is on the pre Civil War era until about , I’ll show examples of the forceps one would expect in the type of surgical sets shown on this site. At the bottom of the page are several examples of what is not to be expected during this era. The point in all this minutiae is to point out a method that may help to date a given set of instruments to a given era and thus eliminate other examples by comparison. It’s something done while examining a set to determine if an instrument is out of place, replaced, or in fact

Civil War Era Bullet

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(There were single step rachet bullet forceps available from France during the Civil War, but not the three or more step type we see after If it is chrome.

The looters left signs only trained eyes could see: scars in the earth where shovels were used to dig up relics of Civil War battles. Probably bullets, maybe some brass buttons or a belt buckle. Such items are prized by collectors willing to pay anywhere from a few dollars for common objects to thousands for artifacts that can be traced to specific battles, regiments or soldiers. Despite scores of prosecutions reported annually by the National Park Service, violations have increased over the last decade at Civil War sites in Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia.

One of the biggest cases was resolved in when two men were sentenced to several months in prison. Among the historical treasures: bullets, belt buckles, canteens and harmonicas. More often, people are caught in the act of searching with electronic metal detectors. Between Antietam and the Monocacy National Battlefield, a smaller Maryland site managed by the Antietam staff, rangers arrest about one such prospector every other month, chief ranger Ed Wenschhof said.

There are spots, though, that may be searched legally for Civil War artifacts–private lands adjoining publicly owned battle sites. He said the club is inviting park rangers to its meetings later this year to discuss the problem. Relic hunter Donald Komjian said he makes sure of the boundaries before he searches for artifacts on private land, with permission.

Small Arms of the Civil War

Very rich in history! Bullet holes dating back from the civil war in the walls! Three dinning areas, candlelight, casual outdoors and the pub. Thank you for taking the time to write a review. I’m glad that you enjoyed the bullet holes in the walls. That is one of my favorite parts of the Farnsworth House.

The North’s industrial machine also swung into high gear to produce huge quantities of weapons and ammunition. Agents from both the Union and the.

Because the ammunition used had to engage the spiral grooves, or rifling, inside the rifle barrel, it had to be equal in diameter to the barrel, and shooters would have to jam the bullet into the rifle by force. In addition, the rifle tended to become even more difficult to load as gunpowder residue collected inside the barrel.

On its way, the iron bullet expanded, gripping the spiral rifling and spinning so tightly along its course that its range and accuracy were greatly increased, with fewer misfires. In the early s, James Burton of the U. It was adapted for use by the U. The federal armory in Springfield, Massachusetts , produced a particularly effective rifle-musket that had a range of around yards; some 2 million Springfield rifles were produced during the war.

Weapons of an earlier age, such as the bayonet, became almost obsolete in this new kind of warfare, and the role of cavalry and field artillery was greatly reduced. Casualty figures for the American Civil War reached staggering proportions, with more than , soldiers killed and more than , wounded. But if you see something that doesn’t look right, click here to contact us!

Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. The Civil War was a time of great social and political upheaval. It was also a time of great technological change.

Did a Woman Become Pregnant from a Civil War Bullet?

Rifling , the addition of spiral grooves inside a gun barrel, imparts a spin to a bullet, greatly increasing the range and accuracy of a gun. Its intended purpose was to expand under the pressure of the powder deflagration , pressing the skirt out to grip the rifling, and secondarily to obturate the barrel and increase muzzle velocity. Their design was made to allow rapid muzzle loading of rifles , an innovation that brought about the widespread use of the rifle rather than the smoothbore musket as a mass battlefield weapon.

Delvigne had invented a ball that could expand upon ramming to fit the grooves of a rifle in

Lab 3D scans human skeletal remains dating back to the Civil War Ph.D., displays a 3-D printed replica of a skeletal hand with a bullet hole.

The museum, located in Silver Spring, Maryland, was established during the Civil War as the Army Medical Museum, a center for the collection of specimens for research in military medicine and surgery. None of the remains being 3D scanned is Native American. By 3D scanning items at the museum, the Virtual Curation Laboratory is aiming to make the collection more accessible to researchers and the public.

The collection is of particular interest to researchers focused on the history of battlefield trauma, as well as forensic anthropology. Terrie Simmons-Ehrhardt, a researcher in the Department of Forensic Science who studies forensic anthropology, specifically in forensic craniofacial identification and 3D osteology, has been collaborating with Means on 3D scanning bone specimens with a goal of creating a digital forensic osteology collection that would be accessible to anyone doing forensic research or education.

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A paper cartridge is one of various types of small arms ammunition used before the advent of the metallic cartridge. These cartridges consisted of a paper cylinder or cone containing the bullet , gunpowder , and, in some cases, a primer or a lubricating and anti-fouling agent. Combustible cartridges are paper cartridges that use paper treated with oxidizers to allow them to burn completely upon ignition.

Paper cartridges have been in use for nearly as long as hand-held firearms, with a number of sources dating their use back to the late 14th century. Historians note their use by soldiers of Christian I in , while the Dresden museum has evidence dating their use to , and Capo Bianco writes in that paper cartridges had long been in use by Neapolitan soldiers.

Civil War. In , President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation opened the war effort earlier, they were prohibited from enlisting by a federal law dating an eagle on his button, and a musket on his shoulder and bullets in his pockets.

The Civil War witnessed a technological revolution in weaponry. This was highlighted by a changeover in shoulder-fired weapons from smoothbore firearms that had to be loaded through the muzzle each time a shot was fired to rifled-barrel firearms, some of which loaded at the breech. Most of these new rifle-muskets still had to be loaded between each shot, but repeating weapons such as 7-shot Spencer and shot Henry rifles and carbines were developed as well.

Unfortunately for the common soldier, tactics did not advance as quickly as technology. Napoleonic linear tactics from earlier in the century now combined with more accurate, faster-firing weapons to result in catastrophic casualty figures throughout the War. The Confederacy, whose industrial base was far weaker than the Union’s when the war began, accomplished a great feat by establishing a viable arms-manufacturing capability in short order.

The North’s industrial machine also swung into high gear to produce huge quantities of weapons and ammunition. Agents from both the Union and the Confederacy scoured the shelves of European arms-dealers to ensure that their armies had an adequate supply of weapons.

Spanish Civil War

He would die the next day. Thomas Nast, the most famous political cartoonist of the period, commemorated the coincidence with an illustration pairing an image of Christ entering Jerusalem, the event that is commemorated every Palm Sunday, with an image of Lee surrendering to Grant at Appomattox. And so, when Lincoln died from a bullet shot on Good Friday, the day that commemorates the crucifixion, it was no surprise that many evangelical Christians of the day drew the connection between the Biblical event and the contemporary assassination.

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The Bullets were found in the fields around Franklin,Tennesee. Franklin was the site of one of the major battles of the American Civil War, it took place on Nov.

Made of soft lead, it was slightly smaller than the intended gun bore, making it easy to load in combat. Designed with two to four grooves and a cone-shaped cavity, it was made to expand under the pressure to increase muzzle velocity. Its design dramatically increased both range and accuracy, which has long been accepted as the reason for the high number of casualties in the Civil War, although some historians today are questioning that because accuracy also depends on the soldier who pulls the trigger and throughout the Civil War, when target practice was minimal, the combatants tended to aim too high.

Prior to the development of this new ammunition and weapons designed to use it, “rifles” were essentially smoothbore muskets with much longer barrels, such as the famed Pennsylvania or Kentucky rifle of the Revolutionary War and War of Some local tribes used blowguns, and Norton observed the base of their darts was made from pith, the spongy wood from the center of tree trunks. Based on this principle Norton developed a cylindrical bullet with a hollow base in His design was improved on in by a London gunsmith named William Greener, who created an oval-shaped bullet, one end of which had a flat surface with a small hole drilled into it.

This hole traveled through most of the length of the bullet and was covered by a conical plug with a round, wooden base. Upon firing, the plug would expand to prevent gases from escaping—essentially the same principle as the blowgun dart. An old saying holds that militaries are always preparing to fight the previous war, i. This ignited a legal war between Greener and the British government, which finally awarded him the relative pittance of 1, pounds in recognition of his earlier work.

This hollow-based design could be mass-produced cheaply. When the American Civil War broke out in , most state arsenals contained smoothbore muskets, and these were used extensively by both sides out of necessity. As the war progressed, smoothbores were phased out on both sides, replaced with rifled muskets, although the earlier weapons never totally disappeared from combat.

Glossary of Civil War Terms

Today I want to deal with the other side of the story and take you through the history of ammunition for small arms. Every historian looks for an overarching narrative when writing their histories and fortunately when talking about small arms ammunition one is immediately apparent – ammunition gets more powerful with every passing year. In the early years the race was to produce small arms ammunition with just enough power to hit the enemy and do some damage. The race for greater and greater power has continued.

As I pointed out in my article on body armor, this is partially because ever more powerful rounds have been required to penetrate protective gear.

Introduced at the start of the Civil War, Spencer repeating guns were would fire more often, constantly need fresh ammunition, and overtax the supply system.

At the terminus of five railroads, Richmond, Virginia was more than just the nominal capital of the Confederate States of America. Richmond, once the second-largest market for enslaved people and the capital of a state where more than half of all Civil War battles were fought, would, in peacetime, metamorphose into the site of a prolonged, contested engagement for the very memory of the war.

Lee, who made Richmond their home for relatively brief spells of time, have long outshone the stories of generations of Richmonders who have lived in the contradictions of the city of the Lost Cause. The glass-walled museum, set in a sunlit plaza yards from the riverbank, encompasses the brick ruins of Tredegar Ironworks, which produced much of the heavy artillery—especially cannons—for the Confederacy during the Civil War.

Coleman, a veteran and pioneer in the field of historical interpretation, admits she could not have predicted building a new museum when she came to Richmond in to become CEO of what was then known as the American Civil War Center. Opened as the Confederate Museum in , the Museum of the Confederacy emerged directly from the Lost Cause propaganda machine, which itself had largely been steered from Richmond. Once known as a chief purveyor of Confederate apologias, the Confederate Museum changed its name to the Museum of the Confederacy in in a first step to become a museum about the Confederacy rather than for it.

By the time Coleman arrived in Richmond, she had established a productive working relationship with Waite Rawls III, then the executive director of the Museum of the Confederacy. Coleman and Rawls deepened their professional relationship as the sesquicentennial anniversary of the Civil War approached, and the unlikely merger of their institutions began to be bandied about.

Both museums had just completed capital campaigns, but their strengths and weaknesses were glaring and not easily overcome.

Civil War Ammunition- Minié Ball Cartridge Rolling and Trivia

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